Andrei Sakharov, Russian scientist, dissident, public figure and human rights defender, died on 14 December 1989. Born on 21 May 1921, he was 68 years old.
'Intellectual freedom is essential to human society — freedom to obtain and distribute information, freedom for open-minded and unfearing debate, and freedom from pressure by officialdom and prejudices. Such a trinity of freedom of thought is the only guarantee against an infection of people by mass myths, which, in the hands of treacherous hypocrites and demagogues, can be transformed into bloody dictatorship. Freedom of thought is the only guarantee of the feasibility of a scientific democratic approach to politics, economy, and culture.'
- Andrei Sakharov, Progress, Coexistence and Intellectual Freedom
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