Person of the Week

Person of the Week: Yevhen Hrytsyak

posted 22 May 2017, 08:03 by Rights in Russia   [ updated 22 May 2017, 08:04 ]

On 14 May 2017 Yevhen Hrytsyak, a leader of the 1953 Norilsk Gulag uprising, died in the region of Ivano-Frankivsk in Ukraine aged 90. As RFE/RL reported, Yevhen Hrytsyak was one of the leaders of the major protests by thousands of inmates of the Soviet Gulag prison-camp system that took place at labour camps near the city of Norilsk, 400 kilometres north of the Arctic Circle, in 1953. The uprising began on 26 May 1953 and lasted until 4 August 1953. Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko called Hrytsyak "one of fearless leaders of political prisoners, who stood against Gulag system."

Photo: Human Rights in Ukraine

Halya Coynash, in a contribution to the website Human Rights in Ukraine, writes: 

"Yevhen Hrytsyak was born in the Ivano-Frankivsk oblast in 1926. During the period of Nazi occupation, as a student at a trade college, he joined a youth section of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists [OUN] which was training young men to fight the Nazis. He was mobilized into the Soviet Army in 1944, and served in the Fourth Ukrainian Front, for which he received several military awards.

"He was, nonetheless, arrested in 1949 because of his brief involvement at the age of 16 and 17 in OUN, and sentenced to 25 years’ labour camp. He was held in various political labour camps, including Norilsk, where some 70% of the prisoners were from Ukraine.

"It was at the Norilsk Labour Camp in May 1953 that one of the main uprisings in the GULAG began. Hrytsyak led the revolt in one of the blocks against the brutality and appalling conditions. The prisoners demanded an end to summary executions; a shortening of the working day to 8 hours; the right to correspond with their families; the transfer of disabled prisoners; and numerous other similar demands. Hrytsyak was one of the people who presented the demands to a commission which arrived from Moscow after the prisoners held firm and refused to give in. Only a very small number of demands were met, while the prison authorities also resorted to provocation, and the uprising continued. It was finally brutally crushed, but only in August 1953, after the prisoners had held out for 69 days.

"Hrytsyak himself was sent first to the Norilsk and then Vladimir prison, where conditions were even worse.

"He was released in 1956, following a decision of the Supreme Soviet Presidium, but was then arrested again in January 1958, with the same Supreme Soviet having decided that he should not have been released “due to the seriousness of the crime”.

"Hrytsyak demanded to know what this supposed crime had consisted of, but was simply told that he had been arrested on good grounds. In 1961, he wrote a letter of protest to the Communist Central Committee over the repressive measures he was being subjected to because of his role as one of the leaders of the Norilsk Uprising. He explained the conditions and treatment prisoners had received.

"He was finally released in 1964 and returned to his home village. He married and had one daughter."

'Leader Of 1953 Soviet Gulag Uprising Dies In Ukraine At 90,' RFE/RL, 15 May 2017
Halya Coynash, 'In Memoriam: Yevhen Hrytsyak, Leader of the Norilsk Uprising,' Human Rights in Ukraine, 15 May 2017

Person of the Week: Ildar Dadin

posted 15 May 2017, 07:15 by Rights in Russia   [ updated 15 May 2017, 07:19 ]

On 12 May 2017 at least 11 activists, including Ildar Dadin, were detained on Moscow's Red Square as they read aloud from the Russian constitution. As RFE/RL reported, citing the website of OVD-Info, the activists were taken to a nearby police station. As of the time of the report, it was unclear whether those detained would face charges. Ildar Dadin, whom RFE/RL notes is the 'only person in Russia to have served prison time for contravening a tough law clamping down on protests in the country,' was reported by TASS as saying: "A police officer approached us and warned us that if we don't leave, they will detain us. Ten minutes later police detained us." The incident highlights not only the repressive nature of Russian law and law enforcement in relation to the right of public assembly, but also the outstanding courage of those, such as Ildar Dadin and his colleagues, who time and again are prepared to contest these restrictions by peaceful means. 

Ildar Dadin was convicted and sentenced to prison in December 2015 under a controversial law that criminalizes repeat violations of Russia's draconian laws on public assembly. He was released on 26 February 2017. While in prison, Ildar Dadin alleged that he had been subjected to torture at the prison colony in Karelia where he was held.

'At Least 11 Russian Activists Said Detained On Moscow's Red Square,' RFE/RL, 12 May 2017

Person of the Week: Aleksei Navalny

posted 8 May 2017, 07:46 by Rights in Russia   [ updated 8 May 2017, 08:06 ]

On 29 April 2017 REN-TV released footage of the attack that had taken place on 27 April on Aleksei Navalny, a prominent leader of the political opposition and anti-corruption activist, outside the office of the Anti-Corruption Foundation which he heads. As The Moscow Times reported, the video had evidently been "filmed by someone who may have known about it in advance." The paper noted that on 1 May 2017, "Navalny supporter Eugene Bryzgalin revealed that Ren-TV’s website actually contained another three versions of the same video clip, including one version that revealed the face of the second man in the footage. Bloggers later identified the second man as Alexei Kulakov, a member of the radical pro-Kremlin movement 'SERB'." 

On 2 May, Halya Coynash, writing on the website Human Rights in Ukraine noted that a man reportedly responsible for the attack on Navalny was said to be Aleksandr Petrunko, who had led pro-Russian activists in an attempt to seize control in Kharkiv, Ukraine in 2014. That day Aleksei Navalny announced he was filing an official complaint against police for failing to investigate the attack on him. As RFE/RL reports, Navalny wrote that he had lost 80% of the vision in his right eye as a result of the green antiseptic thrown in his face - a liquid which possibly also contained other harmful chemicals. Navalny also alleged that the attacker was Aleksandr Petrunko who was helped, Navalny alleged, by one Aleksei Kulakov, a police officer in civilian clothes. On 5 May, reports said Igor Beketov, leader of the radical pro-Kremlin South East Radical Block (SERB), said police plan to question him and his colleagues over the attack on Navalny.

On 3 May Kirov Regional Court upheld an embezzlement verdict against Aleksei Navalny and his co-defendant, Petr Ofitserov. The ruling means that Navalny will not be able to stand as a candidate in the upcoming 2018 presidential elections. As RFE/RL reports, Navalny and Ofitserov were convicted in 2013 of large-scale embezzlement from a state timber company, Kirovles. They both received suspended sentences of five and four years respectively and both were fined 500,000 roubles each. The retrial came about after the European Court of Human Rights ruled in 2016 that the 2013 legal proceedings had not been a fair trial. The ECtHR called the actions of the two men 'indistinguishable from regular commercial activity.' However, in the retrial the two were again convicted.

On 4 May, as The New York Times reported, Navalny said the authorities were preventing him from travelling abroad for medical care for his damaged eye. However, on 7 May it was reported that Navalny had left Russia for treatment in Barcelona.

Photo: RFE/RL

'Navalny's Supporters Track Down His Attackers, as Police Dawdle,' The Moscow Times, 1 May 2017
Halya Coynash, 'Navalny attacker led 2014 attempt to repeat Donbas seizure of power in Kharkiv,' Human Rights in Ukraine, 2 May 2017
'Navalny Accuses Police Of Failing To Investigate Attack,' RFE/RL, 2 May 2017
'Russian Court Upholds Navalny's Latest Embezzlement Verdict,' RFE/RL, 3 May 2017
Reuters, 'Kremlin Critic Navalny Says Russia Stops Him Traveling Abroad,' The New York Times, 4 May 2017
Carl Schreck, 'Russian Police Probe Radical Pro-Kremlin Group Over Navalny Attack,' RFE/RL, 5 May 2017
'Russian Activist Navalny Reportedly On Plane To Barcelona For Eye Treatment,' RFE/RL, 7 May 2017

Person of the Week: Ilya Varlamov

posted 1 May 2017, 09:39 by Rights in Russia   [ updated 1 May 2017, 11:13 ]

On 26 April 2017 the well-known photo-blogger Ilya Varlamov was attacked shortly after arriving in Stavropol  by unidentified people with green antiseptic. Caucasian Knot has reported that Varlamov, who is one of the organizers of the "City Projects", an NGO that works on urban issues, wrote in his blog about the attack: "I left the airport. Outside, there was a group of people with flowers and some other guys. I did not even understand what happened. Some people immediately attacked me, poured brilliant green, iodine and something else incomprehensible into my eyes... They did not say anything, they just once shouted: 'Go to your America!', and then they ran away." Varlamov recounted that the incident occurred in front of police officers: "The policemen were very surprised and said that they had such an incident for the first time and that they announced the plan for 'interception' of the criminals... I am going to the OVD (Interior Division) now, and I will file a complaint, since they have spoiled my equipment." A video of the attack can be seen on Varlamov's blogCaucasian Knot also reports that later Varlamov said the same people again poured green antiseptic on him and rammed his car: "The man to whom I talked near the housing complex 'Perspektyvny' (just before the attack) was identified as a deputy of the Stavropol City Duma." 

A number of civil society activists have recently fallen victim to similar attacks. On 27 April 2017, and for the second time in recent months, opposition leader Aleksei Navalny was victim of an almost identical attack in Moscow as he got into his car. There are concerns his eyesight may be permanently damaged. On 28 April 2017 Natalya Fedorova, a Yabloko activist who has campaigned against the Moscow government's housing policy, was hospitalized, The Moscow Times reported, after an attacker threw a chemical in her eyes. On the morning of 26 April, Galina Sidorova, a staff member of the School for Investigative Journalism, had had a jar of green antiseptic thrown at her back in Yoshkar-Ola, where her organization was about to conduct one of its regular training seminars. Reflecting on the attack on her, Galina Sidorova said:

"I think our intelligence agencies have been keeping a close eye on us for a few years now. In any case, after the aggression began in Ukraine, this kind of pressure was clearly stepped up in various ways. So all these incidents, these forms of intimidation that are going on, they’re all happening with the full knowledge of the Moscow authorities, primarily Russia’s intelligence agencies. Because judging by the fact that these people know where to find us, our telephones are being tapped and we are evidently under surveillance. And this comes as absolutely no surprise to us. It just proves, yet again, what is happening in our country right now to our independent press, to civil society and to the opposition. It’s all just links in the same chain.”

Photo of Ilya Varlamov: Caucasian Knot

Ilya Varlamov, 'Как на меня в Ставрополе бандиты напали: все подробности и лица!,' LiveJournal, 27 April 2017
'In Stavropol, unidentified peoples attack blogger Ilya Varlamov,' Caucasian Knot, 27 April 2017
'Ilya Varlamov identifies deputy of Stavropol City Duma among attackers,' Caucasian Knot, 27 April 2017
Shaun Walker, 'Alexei Navalny on Putin's Russia: "All autocratic regimes come to an end",' The Guardian, 29 April 2017
'В Йошкар-Оле напали на журналиста "Школы расследований",' Radio Svoboda, 27 April 2017
'Staff member from School of Investigative Journalism attacked in Yoshkar-Ola. "The situation is becoming ever more insane and the level of repression ever harsher" [Radio Svoboda],' Rights in Russia, 27 April 2017
Matthew Kupfer, 'Someone Is Blinding Russian Opposition Activists With Chemicals,' The Moscow Times, 1 May 2017]

Person of the Week: Elena Milashina

posted 24 Apr 2017, 07:22 by Rights in Russia   [ updated 24 Apr 2017, 07:22 ]

On 15 April 2017 in an interview with The Washington Post Novaya gazeta journalist Elena Milashina said she had left Moscow because of threats made against Novaya gazeta staff following her reports on the persecution of gay men in Chechnya. Adam Taylor, writing in The Washington Post, reported: "This backlash had been sparked by an April 1 story from reporter Elena Milashina and her colleague Irina Gordienko. In March, Milashina had discovered evidence that gay men were being detained, tortured and even killed in an anti-homosexual purge in Chechnya. After spending weeks checking the story with her sources, Milashina says they could confirm that hundreds of people had been detained; at least three are now thought to have died." 

The Committee to Protect Journalists, on 17 April 2017, issued the following a statement calling on the Russian authorities to "immediately and thoroughly investigate threats made against Elena Milashina." Nina Ognianova, CPJ Europe and Central Asia Program Coordinator, said: "We call on Russian authorities to act swiftly, decisively, and effectively to rein in all those responsible for threatening Elena Milashina and other Novaya Gazeta journalists for the newspaper's work. No journalist should be compelled to leave her home for doing her job because security forces are not doing theirs."

Elena Milashina is an investigative journalist for the Moscow-based Novaya gazeta newspaper. In October 2009 she was awarded Human Rights Watch's Alison Des Forges Award for Extraordinary Activism; in she received the International Women of Courage Award.

Photo: Wikipedia [via State Department/Public Domain]

Adam Taylor, 'She broke the story of Chechnya’s anti-gay purge. Now, she says she has to flee Russia,' The Washington Post, 15 April 2017
'Russian journalist flees Moscow following threats,' Committee for the Protection of Journalists, 17 April 2017
'Elena Milashina,' Wikipedia

Person of the Week: Vyacheslav Maltsev

posted 17 Apr 2017, 02:55 by Rights in Russia   [ updated 17 Apr 2017, 02:58 ]

On 13 April 2017, opposition politician Vyacheslav Maltsev, who lives in Saratov, reportedly suffered a heart attack after police sawed through his apartment door in Saratov and arrested him in front of his family, The Moscow Times reported. Vyacheslav Maltsev, who was a candidate for the State Duma in last year's September elections on the PARNAS party ticket, live-streamed the incident via his phone. Maltsev, who is 52 years-old, reportedly suffered a heart attack when he was taken by police him from his home to Saratov airport, where he was to be put on a plane to Moscow for interrogation. Meduza, citing Leonid Volkov, head of Aleksei Navalny's political campaign, said that, despite the heart attack, Maltsev was nonetheless taken on a stretcher on board the plane. The Moscow Times, citing TASS, reported that, while "officials haven't yet announced any formal charges," Maltsev is "eeportedly suspected of attacking a state employee during an anti-corruption demonstration in Moscow on March 26". 

Photo of Vyacheslav Maltsev: Wikipedia

'Russian Politician Suffers Heart Attack After Police Saw Through His Front Door,' The Moscow Times, 13 April 2017
'У Мальцева случился сердечный приступ после задержания,' Meduza, 13 April 2017
'Оппозиционер Мальцев задержан в рамках дела о применении насилия к представителю власти,' ТАСС, 13 April 2017
'Vyacheslav Maltsev films his arrest at his home in Saratov,' Youtube / RBC / ARTPODGOTOVKA, 13 April 2017

Person of the Week: Leonid Razvozzhayev

posted 10 Apr 2017, 09:43 by Rights in Russia   [ updated 10 Apr 2017, 09:44 ]

On 7 April 2017 Leonid Razvozzhayev was released from a prison in Krasnoyarsk, Siberia, after serving a 4 1/2-year sentence for allegedly organizing protest rallies in 2012, RFE/RL reported. RFE/RL notes that a Russian court had found Razvozzhayev "guilty of helping to organize a protest on Moscow's Bolotnaya Square in May 2012 and of attempts to organize similar rallies across Russia." Razvozzhayev has alleged that in 2012 he was abducted by Russian security agents whilst he was in Ukraine and taken to Russia where he was remanded in custody before being put on trial. For the next two years Leonid Razvozzhayev will be on probation, subject to monitoring by the police and will not be allowed to attend public gatherings or events. RFE/RL reports that Razvozzhayev told the publication "he does not yet know what he is going to do now but that he would like to contribute to the democratization of Russia and reforms in the country's corrections system."

Before his arrest, trial and imprisonment, Leonid Razvozzhayev was a member of the Left Front political grouping and an aide to the member of the State Duma Ilya Ponomarev.

Amnesty International has condemned the prosecution and subsequent conviction and imprisonment of participants in the 2012 Bolotnaya Square protest on a number of occasions. In a statement issued on 21 February 2014, John Dalhuisen, Europe and Central Asia Programme Director at Amnesty International, said: . “What happened on Bolotnaya Square on 6 May 2012 was not the quelling of a riot, but the crushing of a protest. The Bolotnaya trial has not exposed orchestrated violence, but rather a criminal justice system that is entirely malleable to the dictates of its political mastersю”

Photo of Leonid Razvozzhayev:

Russian Opposition Activist Released From Prison After Serving Term, RFE/RL, 7 April 2017
'Russia: Guilty verdict in Bolotnaya case - injustice at its most obvious,' Amnesty International, 21 February 2014
'Leonid Razvozzhayev,' Wikipedia

Person of the Week: Maksim Panfilov

posted 4 Apr 2017, 03:26 by Rights in Russia   [ updated 4 Apr 2017, 03:27 ]

On 29 March 2017 Moscow's Zamoskvoretsky district court convicted Bolotnaya Square defendant Maksim Panfilov of offences under Section 2 of Article 212 (“Participation in Civil Unrest”) and Section 1 of Article 318 (“Use of Force against an Official”) of the Russian Criminal Code during the Bolotnaya Square protest on 6 May 2012. The court ruled that Maksim Panfilov should undergo compulsory psychiatric treatment as an in-patient, RAPSI reported. The ruling was in line with the prosecutor's demand; the defence had argued that out-patient treatment at his place of residence was adequate. 

On 7 April 2016 Maksim Panfilov had been detained in Astrakhan, where he lives, and charged with the above offences. On 8 April 2016 he was remanded in custody by the Basmanny district court in Moscow. The prosecution alleged that Maksim Panfilov had pulled a helmet from the head of a riot police officer's head on May 6, 2012. As RAPSI reports, 'Investigators claim that Panfilov suffers from chronic personality disorder.'

As has reported [citing Ка], in court Maksim Panfilov denied the charges. He stated that he had himself been a victim, since his rights were violated at the protest and he was guilty of no wrong-dong: “My rights were violated by the rigging of the elections. Article 31 of the Russian Constitution, on the right to peaceful protest without weapons, was violated during this very protest. Riot police began to constrict the crowd, they used special equipment, beat people with nightsticks, and sprayed some sort of caustic gas.” The prosecution claimed that riot police officer Filippov, whose helmet Panfilov had allegedly ripped off, had been hurt "due to the fact that Panfilov allegedly crushed the helmet forcefully with his hands." Panfilov said in response to the allegation: "I don’t deny that I took off Filippov’s helmet, but it was not fastened. When I took it off, I threw it aside. I did not crush the helmet, it’s steel, shockproof, I physically wouldn’t be able to do that. I acted this way to distract him, because he was twisting someone's arms, but he didn’t even pay attention to me. I took off his helmet and ran off to the side. I didn’t see anything else. I’m not even sure that it was Filippov; he didn’t even turn his head towards me.”  

Panfilov also complained that the police officers used force when detaining him: “They detained me very roughly, tearing my clothes. They tore off a piece of my turtleneck, they tore my coat, they hit my legs with a nightstick. I fell down, after which four riot officers took me by the limbs, another squeezed me around the neck, choked me, and carried me to a police van. There’s a picture of this on the internet. At the police station, they fined me for 'insubordination,’ I paid it, back in Astrakhan.” 

On 12 April 2016 Amnesty International issued a statement about the case of Maksim Panfilov in which it stated that it considers "the charges of participation in mass riot in connection with the Bolotnaya Square demonstration on 6 May 2012 to be politically motivated." Amnesty International expressed concern "that Maksim Panfilov’s right to a fair trial has been violated. He was denied a lawyer during the first crucial interrogation while in detention, and he has been remanded in custody without due consideration of alternative measures despite concerns for his health in violation of Russian law and international human rights law and standards. Furthermore, Maksim Panfilov has been deprived of his regular medication following his arrest, which may amount to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment." Amnesty International affirmed its view that "Most of the violence that occurred during the [Bolotnaya Square] protest [of 6 May 2012] was at the hands of the police who used excessive force against mostly peaceful protesters, or resulted from the failure of the police to effectively conduct those wishing to enter the square in accordance with arrangements previously agreed with the organisers. Nonetheless, not a single police officer has been investigated for abusive use of force." 

Bolotnaya case defendant Panfilov to undergo compulsory treatment,' RAPSI, 29 March 2017
'Maksim Panfilov: “I physically wouldn’t be able to crush a shockproof helmet”,', 20 March 2017 [for translation, see: Rights in Russia]

Person of the Week: Sofia Rusova

posted 27 Mar 2017, 07:08 by Rights in Russia   [ updated 27 Mar 2017, 07:09 ]

On 21 March 2017 Sofia Rusova, a board member of the North Caucasus Environmental Watch (also known as EcoWatch), an NGO, was detained during a one-person picket she was holding in Moscow. As Caucasian Knot reported, Sofia Rusova was protesting against the construction of ski resorts in the Caucasian Reserve: "The Caucasian Knot has reported that today the activists Sofia Rusova and Atsamaz Khadikov have held solo pickets at the building hosting the Eighth International Environmental Forum, in protest against the activities of the Electrozink Factory and the construction of a resort in the territory of the Caucasian Reserve. At first, the guards tried to tear up the picketers’ posters. A journalist Maxim Rumyantsev how was at the place of the incident, called the police, stating that Rusova 'had used violence' against him. According to Sofia, he tried to grab the poster [that read] 'No to construction of ski resorts in the territory of the Caucasian Reserve!' "

Caucasian Knot later reported that Sofia Rusova had left the police station in Moscow to which she had been take by police officers. According to Rusova she made a statement about damage to her personal property during the picket.

Photo of Sofia Rusova: Caucasian Knot

The same day the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation ruled that police officers should protect one-person protesters at the sites the protests take place, instead of removing them to a police station. As RAPSI reported, "the ruling was issued by the court after reviewing a part of the federal law 'On Police' in relation to an appeal filed by a Belgorod resident Vladimir Sergiyenko.' According to RAPSI report, Sergiyenko had been arrested by police officers twenty-five minutes after beginning his one-person protest. He was taken to a police station and released an hour later: "The courts, which reviewed this case, ruled that officers were acting in accordance with Russian legislation. Rulings read that the life of the protester was in danger from citizens who disagreed with him and that police officers brought him to the station for his own safety. The protester, on the contrary, insisted that his rights were violated." The Constitutional Court has now ruled that police must uphold order and protect single-person protesters against possible threats, while any police action must be proportionate to the danger faced by the protester. RAPSI noted, "A threat to the life and health of a one-person protester should be real, not presumed, the Constitutional Court explained."

'Sofia Rusova, member of “EcoWatch”, detained in Moscow,' Caucasian Knot, 21 March 2017
'Activist Rusova complains about provocation during her picket,' Caucasian Knot, 21 March 2017
'Solo pickets under the slogan "Stop poisoning Caucasus!" held in Moscow,' Caucasian Knot, 21 March 2017
Mikhail Telekhov, 'Russian Constitutional Court rules police must protect one-person protesters,' RAPSI, 21 March 2017

Person of the Week: Valentina Cherevatenko

posted 20 Mar 2017, 08:29 by Rights in Russia   [ updated 20 Mar 2017, 08:40 ]

On 11 March 2017 Valentina Cherevatenko, founder and head of the Women of the Don, an NGO based in Novocherkassk, Rostov region, received the second Anna Politkovskaya award for 2016, presented by the the RAW in WAR charity, to mark the tenth anniversary of the award by celebrating the achievements of a woman from Russia who has done outstanding work in post-Soviet conflict zones (the first recipient of the Anna Politkovskaya prize was the late Natalya Estemirova, who was murdered in 2009). The award was presented by Elena Kudimova, Anna Politkovskaya’s sister. The principal winner of the 2016 prize was Jineth Bedoya Lima, a journalist from Colombia.

Valentina Cherevatenko is a veteran of human rights and peace-building initiatives in southern Russia, the Caucasus and, more recently, Ukraine. She is the founder and chair of the Women of the Don NGO, which was set up in 1993 to assist local women left unemployed following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Valentina grew up in Novocherkassk in the Rostov region, a city that witnessed, during her childhood, the 1962 mass shooting of striking workers (see Novocherkassk massacre). 

In 2014, the Union of the Women of the Don was declared a 'foreign agent' under a law introduced in 2012. Two years later that designation was withdrawn, though it still applied to a second NGO also set by Valentina and her colleagues, the Women of the Don Foundation. In late June 2016 Valentina Cherevatenko was the first individual to be charged with 'malicious evasion' of the 'foreign agent' law, and if convicted could pay a heavy fine or be given a two-year sentence in a prison colony. The case, which has aroused concern worldwide, is on-going.

For more articles about Valentina Cherevatenko on Rights in Russia, see HERE

'Valentina Cherevatenko (Russia) 2016: Winner of the Special Anna Politkovskaya Award,' RAW in WAR 
'Valentina Cherevatenko,' Wikipedia
'Cherevatenko fêted in London,' Rights in Russia, 20 March 2017
Valentina Cherevatenko: "They haven’t broken us yet”, BBC Russian Service, 10 March 2017 [translation: Rights in Russia]

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