Freedom of expression: Agora Human Rights Association reported 1197 violations of Internet freedom / Kostroma region plans "white list" / Photos reported blocked from the Pussy Riot blog / YouTube to sue Federal Consumer Protection Service Freedom of association: Ministry of Justice demanded regional offices coordinate over 'foreign agents' law with central officials / NGOs submitted application to the European Court of Human Rights / President Putin called on security service officers to shield Russians / Ministry of Justice refused to conduct checks into Golos and Levada Centre / Public Prosecutor's Office for Saratov region plans to inspect 70 NGOs Freedom of assembly: Constitutional Court upheld the ban on individuals with multiple administrative convictions organizing rallies / Chelyabinsk Investigative Committee opened an investigation into alleged rioting by prisoners’ relatives / St. Petersburg’s legislative assembly adopted a ban on public gatherings in city centre Freedom of residence: Petition against bill to tighten residence registration / Moscow city urged managers of apartment buildings to report unregistered residents North Caucasus: Special forces in Dagestan killed alleged terrorist / Human Rights Watch reported on the exploitation of migrant workers in Sochi
/ President Putin signed decree allowing conscripts to be sent to internal conflict zones / NGOs called on the President of Dagestan to ensure justice for Alibek Mirzekhanov / Amnesty International reported investigation opened into death threats against lawyer Magamed Abubakarov
‘Anti-Magnitsky’ law: Law banning the adoption of Russian children by US families and placing new restrictions on NGOs / Altshuler calls on French President to ban Pavel Astakhov from entering France / Kremlin says adoptions already approved by court to go ahead / Thousands take part in Moscow march against ban / European Court orders communication of four applications by US families Human rights defenders: Yury Schmidt dies in St. Petersburg / Valery Abramkin dies in Moscow / Moscow march commemorates lives of Stanislav Markelov and Anastasia Baburova Civil society activists: Leonid Razvozzhaev
sent to Irkutsk / Razvozzhaev agrees charges of robbery in Irkutsk be dropped / Razvozzhaev appeals against refusal to investigate abduction in Ukraine / Razvozzhaev says guards not allowing him to sit or lie on bed / Investigative Committee says Razvozzhaev charged with making a false crime report / Razvozzhaev demands to be moved to Moscow / Pussy Riot member Yekaterina Samutsevich withdraws complaint against former lawyers / Court dismisses appeal by Maria Alekhina to defer sentence / Video of Pussy Riot's protest against President Putin banned in Russia / Aleksandr Dolmatov commits suicide in Netherlands / Supporters of Dolmatov accuse Netherlands of complicity in his suicide / Dolmatov’s mother asks Queen of Netherlands to help investigate death of son / Human Rights Watch launch annual report describing “crackdown against civic activism”
LGBT rights: Picketers in Voronezh against ban on "homosexual propaganda" beaten up / Demonstration against proposed ban on "homosexual propaganda" attacked / Ilya Kolmanovsky fired by Moscow high school for taking part in demonstration / Kaliningrad assembly passes bill banning “homosexual propaganda” NGOs: Justice Ministry refuses to include Shield & Sword in ‘foreign agent’ register / Ministry of Justice publishes draft bill on reasons for conducting unscheduled checks of NGOs Access to information: Constitutional Court rules in case brought by Memorial over access to archives
Pussy Riot: Two sentences upheld / One sentence commuted to suspended sentence Freedom of expression: Shenderovich's website banned in Tomsk / Proposal to ban under 18s from public Wi-Fi / Innocence of Muslims banned / Efimov gets political asylum in Estonia
LGBT rights: Council of Europe says Russia was not abiding by Alekseyev v Russia / Supreme Court rejects complaint over homophobic gay / there was an attack on Moscow gay club / Ban on Moscow gay pride upheld
Freedom of assembly: Luzyanin charged / Prudnikov denied hospitalisation / Lebedev charged / Razvozzhaev alleges abduction / Udaltsov charged / Udaltsov, Navalny, Yashin detained at Moscow rally
Legislation: Bill on high treason passes parliament / Bill on 'foreign agent' status in Duma
Remembrance Day: Lubyanka Square reading of victims' names / Over 500 rally against political repression
Human rights defenders: Tanya Lokshina threatened
Elections: New restrictions at polling stations / Golos reports fraud in regional elections / Voting proceeds for Coordinating Committee
Freedom of conscience: Mayor Sobyanin against new mosques in Moscow / Moscow's Muslims forced to celebrate Eid al-Adha in streets
Yukos: European Court rules Pichugin's rights violated in trial
Court cases: Taisiya Osipova / Platon Lebedev / Mikhail Khodorkovsky / Olga Zelenina / Igor Sutyagin
Pussy Riot: France's human rights ambassador denied meeting / Pussy Riot lawyer Mark Feygin summoned for questioning / Medvedev called for the release / Police say assault by Orthodox activists no crime
NGOs: Mari El region bans participation with NGOs on foreign funding / New bill on NGO transparency / USAID to leave Russia / Memorial will not comply with 'foreign agents' bill
Freedom of expression: Online news resources add "18+" adult content warning to sites / Federal agents question Esquire reporter / Court rejects Navalny’s request for appeal / Rostelecom bars YouTube in Omsk region / Duma approves treason bill in first reading / New bill to make offending believers an offence
Right of assembly: Tens of thousands in March of Millions / Police injure activist in Nizhny Novgorod / Moscow courts extend custody for Bolotnaya Square detainees
Freedom of conscience: Moscow demolishes Pentecostal church / Pentecostal Pastor fined for holding religious service under new law / Moscow shelves plans for new mosque
LGBT rights: Court upholds ban on LGBT protest against Aeroflot / Supreme Court rules not all LGBT events ‘homosexual propaganda’ / St. Petersburg Statutory Court dismisses complaint against new law
Right of association
On 21/7 President Putin signed into law a bill tightening regulation of NGOs that receive funding from abroad, including a requirement that they be registered as ‘foreign agents.’ On 6/7 NGOs signed a joint declaration against the bill.
Right of assembly
On 2/7 rights ombudsman Vladimir Lukin
said there had been no ‘riot’ at the demonstration on 6/5 on Bolotnaya Square. On 12/7 Memorial
said the prosecutions of 14 people related to the Bolotnaya demonstration were political in nature. On 25/7 two more activists, Nikolai Kavkazsky and Aleksei Polikhovich, were arrested in connection with the investigation. On 26/7 hundreds attended a Moscow rally in support of the detainees, organized by the ‘May 6 Committee’ that provides the detainees with legal representation. Freedom of expression
On 28/7 President Putin signed into law a bill recriminalizing defamation, and a bill creating a ‘website blacklist’ that will force Internet companies to block banned content. On 7/7 journalist Aleksandr Khodzinsky was murdered in Tulun, Irkutsk region. On 16/7 the final indictment against ex-police officer Dmitry Pavlyuchenkov was filed for conspiracy to murder journalist Anna Politkovskaya in 2006. As reported 18/7, the Federal Mass Media Inspection Service sent notices to YouTube, LiveJournal, and four other websites demanding they cease ‘illegal’ publication of Russians' personal information.
On 26/7 blogger Maksim Efimov, prosecuted for ‘extremism’ for criticizing the Orthodox Church, said he was in Poland and would ask for political asylum there. On 30/7 ten Jehovah's Witnesses in Chuvashia were charged with criminal acts including the incitement of hatred and extremism.
On 2/7 federal ombudsman Vladimir Lukin said it was ‘absolutely against our law’ that the three Pussy Riot singers Maria Alekhina, Ekaterina Samutsevich, and Nadezhda Tolokonnikova, arrested in February for performing an anti-Kremlin song in Moscow’s Christ the Saviour Cathedral, were still in custody. On 4/7 the three detained members of Pussy Riot went on hunger strike to protest against a court ruling they must prepare their legal defence by 9/7. On 9/7 a Moscow court prolonged their term in custody until 24/7. On 11/7 the investigation was concluded. On 20/7 Moscow’s Kamovnichesky court ruled the three women would remain in custody until 12/1/2013. On 30/7 the trial of Pussy Riot opened in Moscow, and the three pleaded not guilty to charges of hooliganism and religious hatred.
Rights defenders, civic activists
On 7/7 Igor Kalyapin, chair of the Committee Against Torture, was threatened with criminal proceedings in connection with the NGO’s work in support of victims of rights violations in Chechnya. On 13/7 Human Rights Watch
and Amnesty International
called on theRussian
authorities to bring to justice those who killed rights activist Natalia Estemirova in 2009. On 5/7 Aleksandr Bastrykin, head of the Investigative Committee, ordered a criminal case against Aleksei Navalny in Kirov region, concerning alleged losses to a state company in August 2009, to be reopened and transferred to Moscow. On 26/7 Navalny accused Bastrykin of concealing real estate and business interests in the Czech Republic. On 31/7 Navalny was charged under Article 160-3-33 of the Russian Criminal Code (embezzlement on a grand scale) and ordered not to leave Moscow. On 26/7 Moscow’s Basmanny district court ruled money seized from activist Ksenia Sobchak during searches of her house on 11/6 should not be returned at present. Conditions in detention
On 9/7 Raisat Elmurzaeva, a Dagestan resident, said her son held in detention in Makhachkala reported inmates were on hunger strike in protest at torture. On 23/7 it was reported
up to 900 prisoners were refusing food and five slashed their forearms in a prison in Bashkortostan after an inmate was beaten to death on 17/7.
On 6/6 the Federation Council approved the new restrictive bill on public assemblies. On 8/6 President Putin signed the bill into law. On 26/6 a bill outlawing ‘homosexual propaganda’ to minors was adopted in Samara Region, with fines for infringements of up to 500,000 roubles. On 29/6 a bill was submitted to the State Duma that would impose heavy fines and jail terms on foreign-funded NGOs involved in ‘political’ activity that failed to register on a state list as ‘foreign agents’.
Right of assembly
On 4/6 new charges of participating in mass unrest were related to the 6/5 demonstration were filed against Alexandra Dukhanina. On 10/6 police arrested five more people in relation to the May 6 demonstration. On 11/6, investigators searched the Moscow apartments of opposition activists, including those of Aleksei Navalny, Sergei Udaltsov, Kseniya Sobchak, Boris Nemtsov, Ilya Yashin, Pyotr Verzilov and Maria Baranova. Solidarnost activist Mikhail Maglov was detained. On 12/6
the websites of Echo of Moscow Radio
, Novaya gazeta
, Rain TV
suffered DDoS attacks. On 12/6 police interrogated leading opposition figures Aleksei Navalny, Ilya Yashin and Ksenia Sobchak. On 12/6 a ‘March of Millions
’ took place in Moscow on Russia Day calling for “a free Russia” and “a Russia without Putin”. Sources put the total number of protestors at between 50,000 and 200,000 people. Sergei Udaltsov, ordered to appear for questioning, attended the rally. On 12/6 three Kemerovo residents were detained by police for an unsanctioned protest. On 16/6 police detained 10 activists protesting outside the offices of the Investigative Committee against the questioning of opposition leaders (on 18/6, one of these, Vadim Dergachev, was sentenced to 10 days in jail). On 17/6 six activists from The Other Russia party were detained in Moscow when they unfurled a ‘Russia without Putin’ banner. On 21/6 Moscow police charged Maria Baronova with inciting violence at the 6/5 rally. On 22/6 Oleg Shein was fined 20,000 roubles for an unsanctioned public protest on 12/6 in Astrakhan. Media rights
On 7/6 Demyan Kudryavtsev CEO of the Kommersant holding company and Phillip Dzyadko editor of Bolshoi Gorod magazine left their jobs. On 13/6 Novaya gazeta chief editor Dmitry Muratov claimed Aleksandr Bastrykin, head of the Investigative Committee, threatened his deputy editor Sergei Sokolov, who fled the country. On 13/6 the Union of Journalists of Russia appealed to the General Prosecutor’s Office to investigate the conflict between Bastrykin and Sokolov. On 18/6 the Chuvashia Supreme Court ruled owners of internet fora are not liable for users’ comments. On 28/6 the Supreme Court of Karelia quashed a lower court’s ruling that rights activist Maksim Efimov undergo an in-patient psychiatric examination on account of a blog he wrote and sent the case back for new consideration.
On 18/6 El'dar Mamaev was abducted in Nal'chik by unidentified masked persons. On 20/6 a court in Tuapse convicted environmentalists Suren Gazaryan and Evgeniy Vitishko of criminal damage to a construction fence following a trial
that raised serious due process concerns. On 21/6 Amnesty International
said the security threat for many North Caucasus residents comes from law-enforcement agencies as much as from armed groups. Pussy Riot case
On 5/6 the investigation into three members of the Pussy Riot music group, who sang in Christ the Saviour Cathedral, was completed and materials passed to the Investigative Committee for review, including regarding a possible offence under Article 282 ("Extremism"). On 21/6 a Moscow court prolonged the custody of the three until 24/7; police detained 19 protestors outside the court. On 27/6 more than 100 prominent Russians called on
the Supreme Court and Moscow City Court to release the three from custody.